Mosquito Control : Integrated Mosquito Management System
The goal of IMMS is to prevent or reduce problems caused by mosquitoes. IMMS is based on ecological, economic and social criteria and integrates multidisciplinary methodologies into pest management strategies that are practical and effective to protect public health and the environment and improve the quality of life.
Treatment will be carried by applying pesticides to control larvae (larvicides) or adults (adulticides). Applications of adulticides or larvicides are made after the presence of mosquitoes has been demonstrated by surveillance procedures.
An efficient way to control mosquitoes is to find and eliminate their breeding sites. Eliminating large breeding areas (source reduction) such as swamps or sluggishly moving streams or ditches may require community-wide effort. This is usually a task for your organized mosquito control program.
The second method used would be larviciding. This utilizes the application of insecticides targeted at the immature mosquitoes – the larvae or pupae. These are applied to bodies of water harboring the larvae.
The adult mosquitoes will be controlled by using insecticide, mist blowing, fogging treatments & electronic insect killers, mosquito bio-traps & other mosquito trapping devices.
Mosquito females lay their eggs in stagnant or slow moving water bodies which may be natural or man made. These water bodies may range from clean water meant for drinking to polluted water accumulated in ponds along roadside or along slow flowing grassy edges of streams, rivers etc; the larva feeds on microorganisms and organic matter present in the water and develop into adults after passing through pupal stage.
Mosquito adults not only cause nuisance by their bites but also transmit serious human diseases like malaria, filariasis, dengue, chickungunya, encephilatis etc.